R. Austin Hicklin, Kevin R. Winer, Paul E. Kish, Connie L. Parks, William Chapman, Kensley Dunagan, Nicole Richetelli, Eric G. Epstein, Madeline A. Ausdemore, Thomas A. Busey,. Forensic Science International, 2021.
- Conclusions by bloodstain pattern analysts were often erroneous and often contradicted other analysts
- On samples with known causes, 11.2% of responses were erroneous
- Both semantic differences and contradictory interpretations contributed to errors and disagreements